Fishing industry proposes ‘reset’ for offshore wind energy

With Massachusetts moving faster toward offshore wind energy, a national coalition of commercial fishing groups this week urged state officials to limit a first project to no more than 400 megawatts, and set up a new system for the seafood and offshore wind industries to jointly plan a way forward.

“We are pragmatic and we understand that we do not ‘own’ the ocean where these wind farms are being sited,” the National Coalition for Fishing Communities wrote in an April 9 letter to Massachusetts Gov. Charles D. Baker Jr.

“But we do not believe that a renewable resource like wind energy should be allowed to displace another renewable resource like wild fisheries. To guard against that outcome, a measured, restrained approach to the initial project size is best,” the letter stated. “It is irresponsible to allow construction of sizable wind farms without a deep understanding of their impacts.”

This month Massachusetts officials are looking to select an offshore wind development proposal to fit their plans for adding more renewable energy sources to the state’s power mix. The ill-fated Cape Wind plan to build turbines in Nantucket Sound was defeated by strenuous local opposition to siting in nearshore waters, and now proposals are over the horizon on federal offshore leases.

Deepwater Wind, builder of the first U.S. pilot project with five turbines in Rhode Island state waters off Block Island, is among the contenders in Massachusetts with its planned Revolution Wind project south of Martha’s Vineyard. That proposal is for 400 MW and Deepwater Wind officials say they will build the turbine foundations, crew transfer vessels and offshore service vessels in Massachusetts shipyards.

That could mean serious money for Massachusetts’ maritime industry, and state and New Bedford city officials have been working for years to position the fishing port to be a hub for offshore wind energy development. The fishermen’s coalition letter — signed by owners of more than 200 fishing vessels and seafood companies from Maine to Virginia — calls for the New Bedford Port Authority to “take on a leadership position as the central facilitator of communication between the two industries for all offshore wind projects in development in the Massachusetts Wind Energy Area (WEA).”

“This could potentially grow into a role as central facilitator for other wind projects in development along the Northeast seaboard where commercial fishing impacts are anticipated,” the coalition suggested, and “can only serve to benefit the interests of both the fishing and offshore wind industries. The NBPA has the technical expertise and the credibility within our community that is essential to effective communication and problem-solving among stakeholders.”

Bay State Wind and Vineyard Wind also hold federal leases granted by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management south of Martha’s Vineyard, and collectively the three companies propose building arrays producing up to 1,100 MW. The fishermen’s coalition urged Gov. Baker to go slow, and in a Tuesday meeting with editors at the New Bedford Standard-Times he assured that fishermen will have a substantial voice in the process.

The fishing groups say there is a lack of coordination and communication between them and the developers, and they propose a standardized framework for examining how the projects will affect fisheries. It is not enough to extrapolate experience with wind farms in Europe to U.S. waters, and Massachusetts should set a more modest goal of 400 MW for starting its industry and studying the effects, they say.

“Even if a smaller wind project is approved, there is not currently a process or plan in place to measure its varied impacts on the fishing industry,” although there are BOEM guidelines that require developers to consider study fisheries impacts, the fishing group wrote. “The problem lies with what the BOEM guidelines lack. For example, there is no framework for deciding who will perform the studies to ensure their rigor and credibility; and nothing to ensure that studies even take into account input from the fishing industry.”

With a reset of relations between the industries, there can be “a constructive environment where project plans and information about operations are shared with the fishermen, where issues in need of attention are articulated back to the wind developers, and where potential conflicts are diffused and problems solved,” the group wrote.

About the author

Kirk Moore

Associate Editor Kirk Moore was a reporter for the Asbury Park Press for over 30 years before joining WorkBoat in 2015. He wrote several award-winning stories on marine, environmental, coastal and military issues that helped drive federal and state government policy changes. He has also been a field editor for WorkBoat’s sister publication, National Fisherman, for almost 25 years. Moore was awarded the Online News Association 2011 Knight Award for Public Service for the “Barnegat Bay Under Stress,” 2010 series that led to the New Jersey state government’s restoration plan. He lives in West Creek, N.J.


  1. Pingback: Fishing industry proposes ‘reset’ for offshore wind energy | Hagen Ruff of Chava Wind

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    Clark Dodge, C/E on

    The wind farns are a must to build and install. They provide locations for fish habitat just like artificial reefs. There are always pros and conns to every project but these give more pros than cons. It would be better to support laws that protect world fishing rather than to pick on offshore wing farms.

  3. Avatar
    Clifford Goudey on

    The process for siting these wind farms has been open and responsive to user conflicts. The simple fact is, wind farms do not displace fishing activity though they may alter “normal” fish populations due to the habitat value they introduce and slight measure of protection these structures provide. Protection is a good thing for stocks needing to be rebuilt.

    This NCFC letter seems more of preemptive stake in the ground through which the signatories hope to get a larger piece of the action when it comes to the demands being put on project developers (the shakedown).

    I see little in the way of efforts by the fishing industry to reduce their energy consumption, so they should be glad someone is doing the heavy lifting to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels and the climate-altering effects of their combustion. The more wind turbines are built, the longer diesel fuel will be around to power their vessels. They should be careful what they try to reset, as it could end up being their energy-intensive practices.

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    As a long time observer of the obstructions put forth in front of oil and gas pipelines, I find it beyond ironic that so called renewable generating sources are coming under attack.
    With Northern Pass being rejected, CMP’s project encountering growing opposition, Pilgrim Nuclear (when it is working) permanently removing its near 700 Megawatts after next winter, you New England folks are looking at a world of hurt in the coming winters.
    The economics of 400/800 Megawatts coming from offshore are so horrendous, only scammers and deluded believers are not aghast. (Read about the London Array compared to, say, the Lackawanna Energy Center for cost/capacity differences).
    End of the day, the pipelines’ foes’ tactics will now turn on the offshore whirleys with growing, devastating impact.

  6. Pingback: New Massachusetts offshore wind energy auction, and New Jersey project gets a boost | WorkBoat – Business

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