An incorrect estimate of a crane’s boom height led to contact with a bridge last year in Houma, La., the National Transportation Safety Board said last week.
On March 6, 2022, the 60', 1,400-hp towing vessel Robert Cenac was transiting the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway, pushing the crane barge Mr. Dawg and another deck barge. While attempting to pass beneath the Houma Twin Span Bridge, the crane aboard Mr. Dawg contacted the bridge span. Eastbound vehicle traffic, which is estimated at nearly 30,000 vehicles a day, was reduced from two lanes to one for 10 days. No injuries or pollution were reported. The allision resulted in $1.5 to $2 million in damages to the bridge.
The day before the contact, Sealevel Construction contracted with Al Cenac Towing to charter the Robert Cenac to tow the Mr. Dawg and a deck barge from Houma to Clovelly, La. Despite being asked at least twice about the height of the crane by the towboat operator before departure, Sealevel did not provide Al Cenac Towing with a verified crane height.
Without a verified crane boom height, the captain of the Robert Cenac estimated the total air draft of the tow, assuming the barge spuds to be a standard 50' high and then estimating the portion of the crane boom above the spuds at 10', for a total air draft of “roughly 60 feet.” However, the raised spuds on the Mr. Dawg had an air draft of about 56', not 50' as the captain assumed. The captain was also judging the height in the dark, which most likely affected his ability to accurately determine the boom’s distance above the spuds.
The NTSB determined the probable cause of the contact was the towboat captain’s incorrect estimate of the crane boom height and his decision to depart before getting a confirmed height from the crane barge owner. Contributing to the incident was that the crane barge owner did not provide the accurate air draft information to the towing company.
“Tow operators are required to know the air draft of their vessel and tows and should not make assumptions,” the NTSB report said. “As the NTSB has recommended before, tow operators should have a detailed voyage plan with specific information concerning/about all known risks, including calculated overhead clearance limitations for tows. In this case, the captain should have waited to get underway until the exact air draft of the tow was established.”
The NTSB also previously recommended that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration revise regulations to address “the placement and securing of crane booms for transit to and from marine construction and other sites.” OSHA declined to amend the regulations.
“When operating in higher risk conditions, operators should ensure that they have the most accurate and objective data before getting underway,” the NTSB report said. “Bridges pose a risk to vessels and tows with high air drafts. Owners and operators should develop voyage plans that assess operational risks and hazards, to include air draft relative to bridge vertical clearances along the intended route.”