The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has reported on its latest progress and achievements in addressing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from international shipping at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 26) in Glasgow, United Kingdom.
In a statement to the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice, the IMO secretariat highlighted recent developments, including the adoption in June this year, following a comprehensive assessment of its possible impacts on states, of mandatory short-term measures to reduce the carbon intensity of international shipping by at least 40% by 2030. This important achievement, that will be implemented from 2023, will drive further energy efficiency improvements in the global fleet, which is also expected to reduce GHG emissions from shipping.
In accordance with a work plan approved in June 2021 by its member states, IMO has started to consider concrete proposals for mid- and long-term GHG reduction measures, including potential market-based measures, which will further reduce GHG emissions from shipping, and how to further progress work on impact assessments.
IMO adopted the first global mandatory energy efficiency requirements for an entire sector in 2011. Since then, IMO member states have continuously intensified their efforts to address GHG emissions from the maritime sector through the development of a consistent regulatory framework which applies to ships engaged in international trade. In 2018, the IMO adopted its initial strategy on reduction of GHG emissions from ships to enhance IMO's contribution to global efforts. The initial strategy, which is due to be revised by 2023, sets out a vision and ambitions for the maritime sector in line with the goals of the Paris Agreement.
The IMO secretariat also highlighted a range of range of projects, partnerships and initiatives the IMO is working on, to enable a just and smooth transition towards zero carbon shipping, emphasising the ongoing work to ensure no one is left behind in shipping’s decarbonization journey.