All American Marine Inc. (AAM) has delivered the second of three low wake, high-speed passenger vessels to Kitsap Transit. The 78’4″x28′ Reliance, an aluminum catamaran with a composite superstructure by Betts Boats, was launched in Bellingham on March 6, 2019. The vessel was designed by Teknicraft, Auckland, New Zealand, and will operate on Kitsap’s current cross-sound ferry route between Bremerton and downtown Seattle
For the past month the boat has been undergoing sea trials and wake-washing testing. In light laden conditions, Reliance hit speeds of over 45 knots (50 mph).
The design of the new vessel was based upon the ultra-low-wake Rich Passage 1 (RP1), built by All American in 2011. AAM, the exclusive builder of Teknicraft Design hulls in North America, was tapped as the sole source to build this vessel. Teknicraft’s patented hydrofoil-assisted hull design is proven to have industry leading low-wake wash energy signature that will not degrade the sensitive shore lines of Rich Passage.
With a 3’4″ draft, Reliance was designed to carry 118 passengers and a four-person crew and travel at service speeds up to 36 knots. AAM constructed the hulls with high tensile strength 5383 aluminum alloy. The passenger cabin and deck were made from composites. The dynamic hydrofoil was molded in carbon fiber and automatically adjusts as the vessel transits Rich Passage. Quad Hamiltonjet 403 water jets and Caterpillar C-18 engines, producing 803 hp at 2,100 rpm each, were fit to provide the high-powered propulsion system in compliance with EPA Tier III emission regulations. AAM’s craftsmen also utilized lightweight aluminum honeycomb panel materials for finishing the interior spaces and applied high performance bottom paint to help accomplish the speed and wake requirements.
In 2005, through a series of federally funded wake wash studies, it became evident that the wake signature of a Teknicraft standard hydrofoil-assisted catamaran produced the least amount of wake wash energy within its vessel class. Kitsap Transit contracted with Pacific International Engineering of Edmonds, Wash., to spearhead the ongoing research efforts in conjunction with All American and Teknicraft to further enhance and optimize the vessel’s design. Teknicraft’s principal naval architect, Nic de Waal, worked with hydrodynamicists from the University of Iowa’s IIHR-Hydroscience and Engineering Research Center as well as naval architects from INSEAN in Rome, Italy, to model an ultra-low wake hull.
Coastal specialists from Golder Associates, Redmond, Wash., evaluated the proposed vessel’s performance in terms of wake generation and resistance. The vessel optimization study utilized computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques to help refine the shape of the hull and hydrofoil to produce lower wake heights with less wake energy.
“Our hydrofoil supported hull has been developed and refined over the last decade to become a leader in catamaran technology,” de Waal said in a statement announcing the launch. “With the additional benefit of sophisticated and intensive CFD modeling over recent periods, we now have one of the most advanced and environmentally friendly hulls in terms of the combination of low wake, high speed, and low fuel consumption.”
As a result of the studies, All American built the Rich Passage 1. The research vessel proved that high speed passenger ferry service could safely operate through Rich Passage without causing detrimental shoreline erosion. RP1 was placed into ferry service by Kitsap Transit in July of 2017.
The Reliance is USCG certified, Subchapter T and was delivered in April 2019. Capacities include 800 gals. of fuel and 40 gals. fresh water. The electronics suite includes a Naiad Dynamics control system for the dynamic hydrofoil, which will be able to adjust the foil angle while underway at speed. In addition, the suite features Furuno radars, remote control MCA 004, satellite compass SC 30, transducer 556TID-HDD, AIS FA170, Icom VHF radios and antennas IC-M506 31 that includes the Icom M604 and M504 VHF transducer with DSC.
The successful delivery of the Reliance will provide Kitsap Transit with a backup vessel on the Bremerton- Seattle route. A third sistership vessel Lady Swift, is currently under construction at AAM and will launch in the summer. “Reliance is not your typical ferry, it was built to be very lightweight and to fly smoothly through the wake sensitive zone,” explained Matt Mullett, CEO for All American Marine. “This vessel was strictly modeled on the proven hull design, but additional enhancements and modernizations were added without hampering performance.”
The launch followed closely on the heels of February’s introduction of Kitsap Transit’s 149-passenger electric hybrid, Waterman. All American Marine’s new shipyard has provided an expanded capacity and production capabilities for both additional and larger vessels.